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6th century B.C. used to be striking for the spiritual
unrest and highbrow ferment in lots of international locations. In China
we had Lao Tzu and Confucius, in Greece Parmenides and
Empedocles, in Iran Zarathustra, in India Mahavira and the
Buddha. In that interval many striking lecturers worked
upon their inheritance and built new issues of
The Purnima or full-moon day of the month of Vaisakha
is hooked up with 3 vital occasions within the lifetime of the
Buddha—birth, enlightenment and parinirvana. it really is the
most sacred day within the Buddhist calendar. in line with the
Theravada Buddhism, the Buddha’s parinirvana happened in
544 B.C.1 although different colleges of Buddhism have
their self sufficient structures of chronology, they've got agreed
to reflect on the full-moon day of may possibly 1956 to be the 2,500th
anniversary of the mahaparinirvana of Gautama the Buddha.
This booklet provides a brief account of the tale of Buddhism in
the final 2,500 years

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Nevertheless, a few isolated groups of Buddhists remained in Orissa, Bengal, Assam and parts of South India. An insl. Slrii/o vaiiyda ta th i iudr&s te p i tjantiparam g a tim ,B hag. Gita, 9,13. D. There followed a long interregnum in the history of Buddhism until in the latter half of the 19th century the attention of European scholars was drawn to the study of the Buddha and his religion. The reader will find in the following pages the story of Buddhism not only in India (II—IV) but in other countries of the East—its expansion (V), its ramifications into diiferent schools and sects (VI), its literature, particularly the literature bearing on the life of the Buddha, his teachings and his disciplinary code (VII).

3. Also called An&tliapinrlada. disciples of the Buddha. He then went to Rajagrha where he fell ill and was treated by the royal physician, Jlvaka Kumarabhrtya, a children’s specialist. The patient paid for his bodily cure by effecting the mental cure of the physician who also joined the lay Buddhists. Three years afterwards a quarrel arose between the ^akyas and Koliyas about the water of the river separating their territories. Had it not been for Lord Buddha's inter­ vention, the quarrel would have grown into a fierce battle.

Killing, committing theft, taking another man’s wife, or telling a lie. Even if a man killed all the creatures on earth and raised a heap of skulls, he incurred no sin. Similarly, he did not earn merit through a good act, or by staying on the 1. Majjhima, Nos. 36 and 76. 2. ) northern or southern bank of the Ganga; similarly, selfcontrol, gifts, and truthfulness did not earn for him any credit. The doctrine that Kassapa preached resembles the doctrine of the Carvakas in many respects. Ajita Kesakambalin was another contemporary of the Buddha.

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