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By John Majewski

Professor Majewski compares Virginia and Pennsylvania to give an explanation for how slavery undermined the improvement of the southern economic climate. first and foremost of the 19th century, citizens in each one nation financed transportation advancements to elevate land values and spur advertisement development. notwithstanding, through the 1830s, Philadelphia capitalists all started financing Pennsylvania's railroad community, development built-in platforms that reached the Midwest. Virginia's railroads remained a set of traces with out western connections. the shortcoming of a big urban which can offer capital and site visitors for large-scale railroads was once the weak point of Virginia's slave economic system.

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The issue is particularly important in the first three decades of the nineteenth century, when cities such as Richmond and Lynchburg stagnated while Philadelphia began its industrial ascent. I argue that a multiplicity of factors hindered the early growth of Virginia's cities. In the colonial period, Virginians focused on tobacco, which had such light processing requirements that it did little to encourage urban growth. The Navigation Acts, which forced Virginians to ship tobacco to Britain first, made it logical to locate the mercantile and financial services connected to the tobacco trade in Glasgow and London, where tobacco would then be re-exported to the Continent.

The illustrious Thomas Jefferson was a case in point. Jefferson's father Peter was a member of the Tidewater gentry who aggressively used his connections to patent new lands in the Piedmont, leaving his son a rich inheritance of land and slaves. 10 Jefferson was hardly the most typical Albemarle resident, but then again he was not entirely unexceptional. Other prominent Tidewater families - the Carters, the Meriwethers, the Nicholases, the Lewises - had branches and connections that settled in Albemarle.

1"], Southern Planter 2 (July 1842), p. 153. Dr. John R. Woods, "Defects of Agricultural Productions of Albemarle County," Southern Planter 18 (July 1858), p. 432. Franklin Minor, "Agricultural Address," Southern Planter 5 (April 1846), p. 88. "36 The emphasis on rational land use, increasing productivity, and detailed accounting procedures gave the agricultural reform effort a clear orientation toward markets and commerce. The glorification of the calculating economic man, however, was only one side of this complex movement.

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