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By Steve Tsang

From a little-known fishing neighborhood on the outer edge of China, Hong Kong constructed into one of many world's such a lot outstanding and cosmopolitan metropoles after a century and a 1/2 British imperial rule. This historical past of Hong Kong -- from its career through the British in 1841 to its go back to chinese language sovereignty in 1997 -- contains the root of recent Hong Kong; its advancements as an imperial outpost, its transformation into the "pearl" of the British Empire and of the Orient and the occasions resulting in the top of British rule. in keeping with huge examine in British and chinese language resources, either legit and personal, the publication addresses the altering family among the neighborhood chinese language and the expatriate groups in 156 years of British rule, and the emergence of a neighborhood id. It ends with a serious yet dispassionate exam of Hong Kong's transition from a British Crown Colony to a chinese language particular Administrative sector.

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The tip of this peninsula was thus occupied by the British. Thereupon, in March 1860, Consul Parkes secured from the Acting Viceroy in Canton, while the city was still under Allied occupation, a lease for Kowloon in return for an annual rent of 500 silver dollars. This lease was converted into permanent cession and incorporated into Article VI of the Convention of Peking (1860), and the extension of British jurisdiction formally came into effect by the issue of a Royal Order in Council on 4 February 1861.

57 This change was to ‘preserve in an age of competition’ what Britain ‘had gained in an age of monopoly’. 58 It also marked the end of London’s resistance to the colonists’ demands to extend Hong Kong. The French acquisition, again by a 99-year lease, of Canton Bay (now Zhanjiang), 210 miles south-west of Hong Kong, provided an immediate reason to expand. 59 The French also tried to get the Chinese to agree not to alienate cer tain provinces to other powers, including that of Guangdong, of which Hong Kong was originally a part.

The remaining civilians were either in the employ of the Chinese government or were dependent on the military. 70 It was not a city in any real sense. However, as a result of poor translation, it has since generally become known as the ‘walled city of Kowloon’. The 1898 Convention states that ‘the Chinese officials now stationed there shall continue to exercise jurisdiction except so far as may be inconsistent with the militar y requirements for the defence of Hong Kong’. It also states that ‘Chinese officials and people shall be allowed as heretofore to use the road from Kowloon to Hsinan [Xinan]’.

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