By Christmas Humphreys
A dictionary and a word list of phrases plus short biographies of eminent Buddhists and students from either East and West.
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Extra info for A Popular Dictionary of Buddhism (Popular Dictionaries of Religion)
D. Author of the Buddha-Carita Kāvya, famous Life of Buddha in verse. There is a trans. from the Chin. version. E. Vol. 19. and from the Sk. E. Vol. 49. The famous Shastra trans. by Suzuki as The Awakening of Faith was attributed by the Chinese to Asvaghosa, but it is now considered a fifth century Chinese work. Atheism Bsm. is atheistic in that it does not recognize an absolute Personal Deity, but it is not philosophically atheistic as it does not deny Ultimate Reality. ) Famous Indian scholar of profound learning (982–1054).
One of the many terms in the East for the nature spirits in female form which vary in importance from ‘Angels’ to ‘fairies’. Cp. the Dākinīs of Tibetan Bsm. Also the Yakshinīs of India. ) A forest dweller. One who leaves his home to seek Enlightenment. ) In Chin. Lohan. In Jap. Arakan. A worthy one. ). ) that of the M. School. See Horner, Early Buddhist Theory of Man Perfected (1937). ) Formless, Incorporeal. Arūpalokas: The highest meditative worlds, where form cognizable by the five senses does not exist, being purely mental.
Introduced M. Bsm. c. D. 100, but when Buddhaghosa visited Burma c. D. 450 he established the Theravāda as the national religion. Burmese scholars have specialized in the Abhidhamma and the practice of meditation. For modern scholars see Thittila. ) in which the First Council was held at the Buddha’s passing. ) The knightly cult of the Japanese Middle Ages which produced the finest swordsmen and some of the finest warrior minds in history. In the Kamakura period (1185–1335) the Japanese genius, says Suzuki, went either to priesthood or soldiery.