Download Adaptation and autonomy : adaptive preferences in enhancing by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius PDF

By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles concentrating on the connection among choice edition and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are diverse conceptions of the idea, it really is debatable that on any believable realizing of person autonomy an self reliant agent must bear in mind the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been steered that permitting one’s ideas to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has got a few cognizance in different parts of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This ebook combines for the 1st time the themes of choice model, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a special and entire quantity, filling a tremendous wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.

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To see this in more detail, take the historical accounts. 4 Of course, what this amounts to is controversial, and is answered in different ways by each historical account. HA1-HA3 reflect the fact that many people think it plausible to believe that the concept of autonomy is tied very closely to the concept of acting for reasons, or at least acting for what one believes to be reasons. And so it may be plausible to say–as is reflected by HA1–that if a particular preference is the result of a process I engage as a result of reasons that I myself recognize (whether or not these are genuine reasons for action), this process generates autonomous preferences.

In despairing of the possibility of coming up with an adequate unifying account of the nature of autonomous processes, he (1996, 171) writes instead that: It appears, therefore, that neither of the currently dominant theories about the nature of autonomy is self-sufficient… However the details of a fully adequate view are worked out in the end, the implications for our theory of welfare are clear. Self-Assessments of happiness or life satisfaction are suspect (as measures of well-being) when there is good reason to suspect that they have been influenced by autonomy-subverting mechanisms of social conditioning, such as indoctrination, programming, brainwashing, role scripting, and the like.

And hence it would appear that the essential fact of adaptive preferences, the fact that renders them a phenomenon at all, is that these preferences interrupt or mask our own genuine point of view. They are, for this reason, failures of autonomy. There’s another way to see this point. , moral demands, the requirements of respect for others, or some (independent of preference) measure of the objective good. But adaptation seems different: adaptive preferences do not (or do not necessarily) fail to conform to some external measure, but rather with an internal measure.

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