By Peter Mitchell
From the exodus of early glossy people to the expansion of African diasporas, Africa has had a protracted and complicated courting with the skin global. greater than a passive vessel manipulated through exterior empires, the African adventure has been a posh mixture of inner geographic, environmental, sociopolitical and financial elements, and common interplay with outsiders. Peter Mitchell makes an attempt to stipulate those elements over the lengthy interval of contemporary human background, to discover their commonalities and improvement through the years. He examines African interconnections via Egypt and Nubia with the close to East, via a number of Indian Ocean buying and selling structures, in the course of the trans-Saharan exchange, and during more moderen incursion of Europeans. The African diaspora is usually explored for continuities and resistance to international domination. Commonalities abound within the African event, as do complexities of every person interval and interrelationship. MitchellOs sweeping research of African connections position the continent in context of worldwide prehistory and historical past. The ebook can be of curiosity not just to Africanists, yet to many different archaeologists, historians, geographers, linguists, social scientists and their students.
I used to be relatively thrilled to encounter Peter Mitchell's African Connections as a possible textual content. . . Mitchell is an archaeologist with a breadth of imaginative and prescient and who sees the cloth list much less as a checklist of discreet cultures than as a origin of old styles of interplay. His narrative is, actually, way more full of life and entire than one may perhaps worry from an archaeologist given that he frequently makes use of the 1st individual and permits the reader a feeling of the interpretive subjectivity that pre-modern heritage frequently calls for. (International magazine Of African ancient Studies)
Highly steered. (CHOICE)
[Mitchell] does be successful, with no fanfare, in destroying fullyyt the lifeless boundary among prehistoric and historical archaeology. This good fortune if based upon a capability to maintain the archaeology entrance and heart whereas niether ignoring nor being crushed by way of documentary resources. He additionally manages to lead good clear of the tyranny of the ethnographic current and the analogies that lurk therein. total, a task good performed. (Journal Of African Archaeology)
The publication is richly complemented via large maps, charts, illustrations, and tables. it really is required studying for Africanists and global historians, whereas different archaeologists, historians, and social scientists will locate the wealth of knowledge, method, conclusions and insights richly lucrative. (History: stories of recent Books)
Having compressed an grand quantity of data into 241 pages of textual content, this tour-de-force may be a welcome boost to any Africanist's library, and is extremely suggested for graduate scholar use. i am hoping that African historians get to understand approximately it, as archaeology is simply too frequently noticeable via them as a Cinderella self-discipline. (H-Net: Humanities and Social technological know-how experiences Online)
A so much welcome attempt. . . . Mitchell's command of the literature, resources, theoretical debates within the box and parts of rivalry is sweeping, and subsidized up by means of an in depth familiarity with paintings in such similar fields as historic linguistic reconstruction, botany, and palynology that have performed very important roles in enriching our wisdom of the African prior. His technique is measured and evenhanded in its review of the proof. . . . an important quantity of studying and loads of notion and care went into the writing of this e-book. . . . Mitchell succeeds in bringing to gentle many specifics of African innovation and self sufficient employer throughout a number of parts of tradition and historical past. (Journal of Anthropological Research)
Mitchell. . . offers an impressively wide-ranging synthesis round his selected topic of Africa's centrality to human improvement. (Antiquity)
In brief African Connections is a priceless try and synthesize an incredible volume of knowledge a couple of continent that's tremendously diverse—both culturally and ecologically. (Journal Of The Royal Anthropological Institute)
Peter Mitchell's publication has to be learn by means of someone with any curiosity not just in Africa, but additionally in archaeology and background. because the global shrinks via telecommunication and mass transportation, Mitchell's e-book reminds us that we've got continuously been hooked up and that Africa used to be consistently a part of the area. to disclaim or underestimate the position of Africa sooner or later of humankind will be a grave mistake. (Fekri Hassan African Archaeological Review)
About the Author
Peter Mitchell is collage Lecturer in African Prehistory at St. Hugh's collage and Curator of African Archaeology on the Pitt Rivers Museum, college of Oxford.
Read Online or Download African Connections: Archaeological Perspectives on Africa and the Wider World (African Archaeology Series) PDF
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Extra info for African Connections: Archaeological Perspectives on Africa and the Wider World (African Archaeology Series)
1 This was translated into Latin as Niger. Meek, a British anthropologist then in Nigeria, claimed that he had discovered that the Buduma (Yedina) word for ‘river’ was Njer or Nijer; but this has not been verified. More recently, in 1960, in the maiden issue of the Journal of African History, Meek revived the debate. Jeffreys, a former British administrative officer in Nigeria, now in Witwatersrand University, Johannesburg, took 22 STUDIES IN SOUTHERN NIGERIAN HISTORY up the discussion. 2 Since the question of the etymology of the name ‘Niger’ is strictly not a matter for the historian, it must be left to the linguists to settle.
Public Record Office, London (PRO), Foreign Office Papers (FO) 2/ 23, Baikie to President of the Royal Geographical Society, 9/1/1856, encl. in Murchison to Clarendon, 29/1/1856. FO 2/31, Baikie to Malmesbury, 2/3/1859. 5. NEDECO (Netherlands Engineering Consultants), River Studies and Recommendations on Improvement of the Niger and Benue, Amsterdam, 1959. 6. But with the completion of the Niger Dam Project, it is now possible to navigate the river throughout its lower-middle course in Nigeria, a distance of nearly 800 miles, and upstream into the Niger Republic, a total distance of well over 1,000 miles.
It does not seem, however, that Duke Town succeeded in establishing its dominance before 1767. Even then it was limited to mainland Calabar because Creek Town, on the other side of the river, was more established than Duke Town during this period. The fortunes of Duke Town were not established overnight. 74 He was the same person whose reign marked the elimination of Old Town as a political force in the Old Calabar river. His reign therefore marked the political and economical ascendance of Duke Town over the other Efik city states and the culmination of a long struggle in this regard.