Download Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics by Elliot Cohen PDF

By Elliot Cohen

Do sufferers have the suitable to understand their physician's HIV prestige? Can a dentist refuse remedy to an HIV-positive sufferer? How do educators be sure no matter if to permit an HIV-positive baby to wait tuition, and in the event that they do, should still the oldsters of alternative youngsters learn? should still a counselor holiday confidentiality through disclosing to a spouse that her husband is contaminated with HIV? This choice of unique essays conscientiously examines the tricky ethical offerings the AIDS pandemic has provided for lots of execs physicians, nurses, dentists, lecturers and faculty directors, company managers, psychotherapists, attorneys, clergy, newshounds, and politicians. within the place of work, difficulties posed by way of HIV and AIDS have resulted in a reexamination of conventional codes of ethics. delivering systematic and reasoned discussions, the authors discover the ethical, criminal, and moral concerns eager about the reconsideration of rules, criteria of behavior, and the practicality of balancing own ethics. Elliot D. Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at Indian River neighborhood collage and Editor-in-Chief of the "International magazine of utilized Philosophy". Michael Davis is Senior study affiliate on the middle for the learn of Ethics in Professions, Illinois Institute of know-how.

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35 Ironically, since the actual risk of transmission is dependent more on the skill and experience of the surgeon than on the type of procedure, the same procedure could both be, and not be, exposure-prone, depending on the surgeon's expertise, fatigue level, and so forth. In effect, the conclusion was that the CDC had focused its attention in the wrong place; the real problem of HIV transmission was not the infected practitioner but more precisely those activities that violate universal precautions and result in breaches of barrier protection.

Johnson, and Robert C. Kolodny, Human Sexuality, 4th ed. (New York: HarperCollins, 1992), p. 156. 7. : Saunders, 1989), p. 33. 8. Masters, Johnson, and Kolodny, Human Sexuality, p. 512; and Centers for Disease Control, "Apparent Transmission of Human T-lymphotropic Virus Type III/Lymphadenopathy-associated Virus from a Child to a Mother Providing Health Care," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 35, no. 5 (1986): 7679. 9. Masters, Johnson, and Kolodny, Human Sexuality, p. 507. 10. For a thorough discussion of these two theories, see Jeffrie Murphy and Jules Coleman, "Utilitarian and Kantian Ethics," in Philosophers at Work: An Introduction to the Issues and Practical Uses of Philosophy, ed.

The rationale underlying this particular demand is fundamentally a fear of contracting AIDS. While the fear of AIDS is readily understandable, however, it is clearly an overreaction to demand that seropositive physicians refrain from practicing medicine when no good reason exists to believe that there is any significant risk to patients of becoming HIv-infected. Indeed, we must remember that not a single medical patient is known to have contracted HIV as a result of receiving medical care. More important, to single out HIV-positive physicians in this way plays into the hysteria surrounding AIDS and that has resulted in widespread discrimination against those who are infected.

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