By Debabrata Das
This e-book severely discusses diverse elements of algal construction structures and a number of other of the drawbacks with regards to microalgal biomass creation, particularly, low biomass yield, and energy-consuming harvesting, dewatering, drying and extraction strategies. those offer a historical past to the state of the art applied sciences for algal cultivation, CO2 sequestration, and large-scale program of those systems.
In order to faucet the economic capability of algae, a biorefinery notion has been proposed which may support to extract greatest merits from algal biomass. This refinery thought promotes the harvesting of a number of items from the feedstock so that it will make the method economically beautiful. For the previous few a long time, algal biomass has been explored to be used in quite a few items akin to gasoline, agricultural vegetation, pigments and prescription drugs, in addition to in bioremediation. to fulfill the massive call for, there was a spotlight on large-scale construction of algal biomass in closed or open photobioreactors. assorted dietary stipulations for algal development were explored, reminiscent of photoautotrophic, heterotrophic, mixotrophic and oleaginous.
This publication is aimed toward a large viewers, together with undergraduates, postgraduates, teachers, strength researchers, scientists in undefined, power experts, coverage makers and others who desire to comprehend algal biorefineries and in addition hold abreast of the most recent developments.
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Additional resources for Algal Biorefinery: An Integrated Approach
These macroalgal-blooms constitute often a great nuisance for humans (Wiencke and Bischof, 2012). The term “macroalgae” (also known as seaweeds) includes macroscopic, multicellular marine green, brown and red algae. Each of these groups has a microscopic and even unicellular, representative. Furthermore, all macroalgae are at some stage of their lifecycle unicellular as spores or zygotes, and may be temporarily planktonic. Evolutionarily the seaweeds are quite diverse and divided into four traditional 10 D.
Cheryl (2010). Algae becoming the new biofuel of choice. Available online 2008. php#more-115N. , Siew-Ling, H. and Ching-Lee, W. (2011). Agardh and Padina australis Hauck (Phaeophyceae). , 10(64), 14125–14131. I. and Martera, M. (2008). Biodegradable thermoplastic composites based on polyvinyl alcohol and algae. Biomacromolecules, 9(3), 1007–1013. Chisti, Y. (2006). MICROALGAE AS SUSTAINABLE CELL FACTORIES. Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ), 5(3). Chisti, Y. (2007). Biodiesel from microalgae.
2003), Choi et al. (2006), Carvalho et al. (2006) and Hankamer et al. (2007). Unlike open ponds, bioreactors can ensure a single alga species is grown without interference or competition (Campbell, 2008). Open ponds are a very efficient and cost-effective method of cultivating algae, but they could become contaminated with unwanted species very quickly. PBR are excellent for maintaining axenic cultures, but set up costs are generally ten times higher than for open ponds. A combination of both systems is probably the most logical choice for cost-effective cultivation of high yielding strains for biofuels.