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By Gavin Lucas

This ebook examines how colonial identities have been developed within the Cape Colony of South Africa on the grounds that its institution within the 17th century as much as the 20th century. it's an explicitly archaeological process yet which additionally attracts extra greatly on documentary fabric to check how diverse humans within the colony – from settler to slave – built identities via fabric tradition. The booklet explores 3 key teams: The Dutch East India corporation, the loose settlers and the slaves, via a couple of archaeological websites and contexts. With the archaeological facts, the ebook examines how those assorted teams have been enmeshed inside of racial, sexual, and sophistication ideologies within the broader context of capitalism and colonialism, and attracts largely on present social conception, specifically post-colonialism, feminism and Marxism. This publication is aimed essentially at archaeologists, yet also will allure historians and people drawn to cultural conception and fabric tradition reports. in particular, historic archaeologists and scholars of historic archaeology may be the basic readership and purchasers.

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Additional info for An Archaeology of Colonial Identity: Power and Material Culture in the Dwars Valley, South Africa

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Moreover, although the Dutch Reformed Church was the official church at the colony and many of the slaves were baptized, much of the slave and ex-slave population came from Islamic societies, and produced a distinctive and alternative culture at Cape Town to the official VOC one. Given t h a t when the Dutch first established their post in 1652, the relations at the Cape were primarily between the VOC and the Khoikhoi, in less t h a n a century, a community with diverse origins and classified into four separate groups, must have opened up many new problems for the VOC.

As it happened, the mines were devoid of any silver, and the whole operation was a total failure—the story to have passed down is that it was a confidence trick by a German ex-VOC serviceman, Frans Diedrick Muller, and is most popularly related by Burman (1969: 66-73). This story probably originated soon after the events of the 1740s, as this is how it was referred to by a British visitor to the Cape in the 1790s, Lady Anne Barnard (Fairbridge 1924: 39; Robinson 1994: 255). The story I believe is more complicated t h a n that, but however one views the personal motivation of Muller, the fact is the VOC invested heavily in the project and it persisted for many years before it was closed down.

More generally though, the case study illustrates some of the broader workings of the VOC in the Asian sphere and how an industrial settlement in the rural western Cape was enmeshed within the broader global processes of Dutch capitalism. GOEDE VERWACHTING: THE SILVER MINE O N THE SIMONSBERG A silver mine which was operated for several years in the 1740s lies on the eastern slopes of the Simonsberg, the landmark mountain range in the study area of the Dwars valley. The Dwars is a tributary of the Berg river which runs through the Drakenstein, a mountainous area c.

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