By John C. Inscoe
African american citizens have had a profound impression at the economic system, tradition, and social panorama of southern Appalachia yet in simple terms after a surge of analysis within the final twenty years have their contributions been well-known via white tradition. Appalachians and Race brings jointly 18 essays at the black event within the mountain South within the 19th century. those essays supply a large and numerous sampling of the simplest paintings on race kin during this zone. The participants contemplate various issues: black migration into and out of the zone, academic and spiritual missions directed at African americans, the musical affects of interracial contacts, the political activism of blacks in the course of reconstruction and past, the racial attitudes of white highlanders, and lots more and plenty extra. Drawing from the details of southern mountain studies, this assortment brings jointly very important reports of the dynamics of race not just in the quarter, yet through the South and the country over the process the turbulent 19th century.
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Additional resources for Appalachians and Race: The Mountain South from Slavery to Segregation
John C. Calhoun of South Carolina had twenty slaves working in his mine just south of Dahlonega in Lumpkin County. ”18 There were also planters who leased gold lands and worked slaves in the mines seasonally or throughout the year. 21 Slaves were also purchased strictly for work in the mines or leased from low-country planters for the purpose. ”23 The money, of course, went to the slave’s owner. The slaves quite naturally resented not profiting from their labor. Some sought to compensate themselves by concealing what gold they could from the overseer.
7. Bill Sharpe, A New Geography of North Carolina, 2 vols. (Raleigh: Sharpe Publishing, 1954), 2: 535. 8. , 2: 539–40. 9. , 2: 540. 10. : Ashe County Research Association, 1963), 64. 11. Addie Moore, oral interview with author; also a letter from Moore to author. Thompson Mountain is on the North Carolina-Tennessee border, northwest of Sugar Grove. 12. Richard Rinzler and Ralph Rinzler, liner notes, p. 2, for Old-Time Music at Clarence Ashley’s, Folkways Records FA 2355, New York, 1963. 13. Robert Winans, “The Folk, the Stage, and the Five-String Banjo in the Nineteenth Century,” Journal of American Folklore 89 (1976), 425.
Even today, certain elderly and little-noticed black musicians in the North Carolina piedmont continue to play old-time, five-string banjo in much the same compelling style as did white mountain players, and southern black and mountain white repertoires overlap in surprising ways. When and where white mountain musicians initially acquired the banjo and their playing styles have remained obscure and controversial. The initial formation of white mountain banjo playing likely resulted from southern black influence before the Civil War.