By Setha Low
Within the final 20 years, millions upon millions of the higher and center periods have retreated into gated groups. In 2002, it's expected that one in 8 american citizens will dwell in those unique neighbourhoods. What has sparked this alarming pattern? at the back of the Gates is Setha Low's revealing account of what existence is like inside of those suburban fortresses. After years learning and interviewing households in big apple, long island and San Antonio, Texas, Low presents an inside of view of gated groups to assist clarify why humans flee to those enclaves. mom and dad with youngsters, younger married undefined, "empty-nesters" and retirees exhibit their desire for defense, their mystery fears of a extra ethnically varied the USA, and their wish to recapture the close-knit, picket-fenced groups in their formative years. paradoxically, she exhibits, gated neighbourhoods are actually no more secure than different suburbs, and plenty of who flow there are disheartened via the insularity and restrictive ideas of the neighborhood.
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Extra info for Behind the Gates: Life, Security, and the Pursuit of Happiness in Fortress America
51 BEHIND THE GATES: INTEGRATING THE SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL Understanding how residents make sense of living inside gated communities requires connecting the experiential and psychological levels of explanation with a critical analysis of society. Interviews and participant observation provide data on individuals, families, and neighborhoods, while comparative 24 BEHIND THE GATES studies, theoretical treatises, and reviews of advertisements, television and radio transcripts, and newspaper reports generate a broader view of the societal impact.
And only 8 percent of the residents surveyed characterized their community as “neighborly and tight-knit,” and 28 percent indicated that their developments were “distant or private” in feeling. In a regional survey of 641 gated communities in the Phoenix, Arizona, area, Klaus Frantz found that residents also say they moved to a gated community to feel safer and because of their fear of crime. They take advantage of gating to stabilize their housing values and to guarantee provision of services.
The historically liberal political attitudes of the Northeast and the more conservative leanings of the Sunbelt permeate residents’ discussions of why they moved and their attitudes about private and public governance. Further, the history of gated community development and the scale and design of gated communities in the regions are quite distinct; there are very few sub-divisions in or around New York City, while almost all new housing in the northen suburbs of San Antonio is being built inside gates.