Download Big Three in Economics: Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John by Skousen M. PDF

By Skousen M.

The massive 3 in Economics unearths the turbulent lives and the conflict of principles of the 3 such a lot influential economists in international historical past: Adam Smith, representing laissez faire, Karl Marx reflecting the novel socialist version, and John Maynard Keynes symbolizing gigantic govt and the welfare state.This is a background of contemporary economics and the conflict of opposing issues of view, with the first specialise in the "Big Three," one for every century. within the twenty-first century, Adam Smith's "invisible hand" version has won the higher hand, and capitalism has finally gained the conflict of principles over socialism and interventionism. yet even within the period of globalization and privatization, Keynesian and Marxist principles proceed to play an important position in monetary coverage within the private and non-private sectors.

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Extra info for Big Three in Economics: Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes

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In Ronald Coase’s interpretation, “The great advantage of the market is that it is able to use the strength of self-interest to offset the weakness and partiality of benevolence, so that those who are unknown, unattractive, and unimportant will have their wants served” (Coase 1976, 544). How Monopoly Hurts the Market System Smith said that competition was absolutely essential to turning selfinterest into benevolence in a self-regulating society. He preferred the cheaper “natural price, or the price of free competition” to the high price of monopoly power and “exclusive privileges” granted certain corporations and trading companies (such as the East India Company).

However, Smith accepted these as human frailties, and he contended that these base motives cannot be outlawed or prohibited, only that they might be discouraged and moderated in a commercial society with the right incentives. As Dinesh D’Souza interprets Smith, “Capitalism civilizes greed in much the same way that marriage civilizes lust. Greed, like lust, is part of our human nature; it would be futile to try to root it out. What capitalism does is to channel greed in such a way that it works to meet the wants and needs of society” (D’Souza 2005).

L. Macfie concludes, “the whole tone of his work will convince most that he was an essentially pious man” (Macfie 1967, 111). Adam Smith’s overwhelming theme throughout his works was to provide a liberal democratic society, a “system of natural liberty,” where freedom is maximized economically, politically, and religiously, within a workable moral foundation of laws, customs, and values. Faith in an Invisible God Historian Athol Fitzgibbons has aptly called this new economic blueprint “Adam Smith’s System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue” (1995).

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